What Are Pearls ?

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Pearls have a vast history of being set in jewelry. They are considered a bio gem, because of the animals that make them. The pearl is cultivated from the shell of a mollusk, fresh water as well as salt water.

Pearls differ into two categories: cultured pearls and natural pearls.
The natural pearl is found in the wild these pearls are the most valuable and are extremely rare in the world today.

These pearls today are farmed from pearl oysters or freshwater mollusks. These types of pearls are referred to as "cultured pearls"; they are made by inserting a bead into a clam or mollusk so that the animal expedites the pearl making process.

The types of pearls today whether natural or cultured can be divided within themselves into a few categories: South Sea Pearls; the classic white pearls, Tahitian Pearls; these are black pearls, and Freshwater pearls. The pearls names serve to inform you of the pearls.

The value of the pearl is based on it's luster, which is the amount of shine and quality of light that reflects off the pearl's surface caused by the many layers of nacre, the more luster a pearl has the more shiny it appears. A saltwater pearl tends to have more luster than a freshwater pearl. Nacre in layman terms is known as mother of pearl it is a crystalline substance that makes up a pearls body, it is an organic substance that the mollusk secretes, which is why when looking at some sea shells their insides have a mother of pearl sheen. Nacre is what makes up the beauty of a pearl. The more nacre a pearl has the more desirable it is.

Black Pearls

Another denominator that goes into a pearl's value is its surface. A pearl can never be graded as flawless, per the rules set down by the FTC (Federal Trade Commission), but like gemstones you can add a grade based on inclusions. In the ideal situations a pearl's surface should be smooth and shiny but it is very likely to have a few cracks or bumps, these are known as surface flaws.

Colors of pearls differ depending on the mollusk and its locale. Most pearls are either white, if from the south sea, or black if they are Tahitian, but some of the rarer colors including; green, blue, grey as well as pink pearls, which can be cultivated from South Sea or Akoya, both salt water varieties, these pearls cannot be made successfully for jewelry with human interference. The most beautiful of the rare pink pearls is made by a "Queen Conch" (type of mollusk).

A pearl today is a pure sign of elegance and class, which is why almost every woman longs to own a string of pearls. They symbolize the simple beauty in jewelry and good taste in classic pieces that can be worn on any occasion.